State by state: the minerals Australia is known for, Metso Outotec sells aluminium business to REEL International, Hargreaves announces sale of speciality coal inventory to German JV HRMS, Epiroc Canada agrees to buy software company MineRP, Oxbotica raises $47m for autonomous mining software, Q&A: Lioness of Africa Andiswa Silinga on geospatial data and mining, Nevada Copper installs materials handling system at Pumpkin Hollow project in US, A $5.8bn fine: questions for Pakistan’s massive mining dispute. Ever since the community turned down a proposal from Vedanta Aluminium to mine the Niyamgiri hills for bauxite in 2013, it has found itself in the cross hairs of the State government. Bauxite is the raw material for alumina and aluminum, and Odisha has 700 million tonnes of known bauxite reserves, of which 88 million tonnes are estimated to be found in Niyamgiri. The Stateowned Odisha Mining Company (OMC) had sought permission to mine bauxite in the Niyamgiri hills and supply it to Vedantas alumina refinery. I was asked a volley of questions on my alleged links with left-wing extremists. The team was asked to submit a report on the effect of the mining project on the Dongria Kondh. Young community leader Drenzoo at the Niyamraja festival. The Dongrias say that the process of selecting beneficiaries for old age, widow and disability pensions is a farce. In the rush to acquire mining rights, stringent environmental laws were violated, and the Dongria’s consent was not sought. Indian state Odisha is planning to revive Vedanta Resources' bauxite mining project on top of the Niyamgiri Hills, a forested area that the local Dongria Kondh tribe considers sacred. | Photo Credit: Image Source: huffpost. Resources plc, for the purpose of mining of bauxite reserves at at the foot of the Niyamgiri mountain, near the town of Lanjigarh. NSS is a collective of tribes that has been opposing bauxite mining by Vedanta in Niyamgiri hills since 2003. The fabric for the shawl is a handwoven cloth made by Dalit families. A select list of articles that match your interests and tastes. However, the … Dr Kumar said VAL was waiting for necessary clearances from … Apart from this, Vedanta Alumina Refinery runs a private hospital as CSR activity. The Union environment ministry cancelled all permissions granted to the company following allegations by experts that Vedanta had violated various laws in … BiswaranjanRout. The Khandadhar watershed and forests, which hold […] District: Kalahandi-Rayagada, Odisha. The plan was to develop a bauxite mine in Niyamgiri hills and supply the material to Vedanta’s alumina refinery. Odisha is seeking to revive a controversial plan to mine for bauxite in the Niyamgiri hills, a lushly forested area that the Dongria Kondh tribe considers sacred, a minister said on Wednesday. Efforts were made to propagate the Kui language in 30 centres.   However, the decision offered the tribe only a temporary reprieve, as the court ordered the company's Indian unit, Sterlite Industries,10 to come back with a new proposal for the project. Shinta, who belongs to Indonesia’s Dayak community, which is being rapidly marginalised by the local government’s policy on transmigration and by expansive oil companies, could instantly relate to Jakasika’s struggle. BHUBANESWAR/NEW DELHI (Reuters) - Odisha is seeking to revive a controversial plan to mine for bauxite in the Niyamgiri hills, a lushly forested … Explore more for Niyamgiri hills breaking news, opinions, special reports and more on mint. The traditional green, yellow and red embroidery threads are bought from the market. The company planned to mine the Niyamgiri hill range, which is believed to be the home of deity Niyam Rajawhich, who is worshipped by the local Dongria Kondh tribe. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. I believe this is going to be tough. “But the shawl gives us prestige when we go to fairs or social events,” said Lakmi Sikaka, a Dongria woman. “How many government officials have ever visited our villages? Where will we go? The government insists on concrete houses. by Joan Martinez-Alier and Leah Temper. But we don’t want forests razed to the ground for a wide road. Jamu Gauda, another villager, faced similar police action. Jakasika belongs to the Dongria Kondh community, one of Odisha’s few remaining tribal groups. We brief you on the latest and most important developments, three times a day. India has rejected Vedanta Resources' proposed bauxite mining plan for the Niyamgiri Hills in Odisha state. When the government is not ready to listen to us, why should we care for them?”. Indian state Odisha is planning to revive Vedanta Resources’ bauxite mining project on top of the Niyamgiri Hills, a forested area that the local Dongria Kondh tribe considers sacred. The Environment and Forest ministry of Government of India scrapped a forest clearance given to a mining firm, Vedanta Resources, to mine bauxite in the area and the mining project was scrapped. The mining operation will have massive negative affects on the Dongria Kondh, one of India's most isolated tribes. Vedanta Resources has planned to mine the Niyamgiri Hill range, which is believed to be the home of deity Niyam Rajawhich, who is worshipped by the tribe. Get the latest Niyamgiri hills news, videos and headlines. Biswaranjan Rout. ", Custom Designed and Built Underground Mining and Tunnelling Equipment, Heavy-Duty Mechanical Equipment for Mines, Dust Control and Mine Water Solutions for Mining Applications, "The state government has to seek permission from the apex court to start the process again. Mining bauxite and processing it into aluminium is deadly to the environment. The Dongria tribe of Eastern India has been under intense pressure from the state government as well as Vedanta, a London based mining company, to make way for Bauxite mining.The Dongria tribe and the Niyamgiri Hills For many To enable wide dissemination of news that is in public interest, we have increased the number of articles that can be read free, and extended free trial periods. Get the latest Niyamgiri hills news, videos and headlines. The State government’s first attempt at development in this region was in the 80s when it came up with three micro-projects: two Dongria Kondh Development Agencies, in Chatikona and Parsali, and the Kutia Kondh Development Agency. The Stateowned Odisha Mining Company (OMC) had sought permission to mine bauxite in the Niyamgiri hills and supply it to Vedantas alumina refinery. In the rush to acquire mining rights, stringent environmental … Your support for our journalism is invaluable. The community said there are barely any schools or anganwadis in the 100-odd hamlets scattered across the Niyamgiri slopes, though the government claims otherwise. “I was abruptly bundled into a police jeep last October and beaten up in custody. The state government-owned Odisha Mining Corporation was supposed to provide the bauxite extracted from the Niyamgiri hills to the Vedanta refinery. About Bauxite mine Niyamgiri Hills On October 5th, 2004 an official agreement was signed between the Orissa Mining Corporation (OMC) and Sterlite Industries, a subsidiary of Vedanta Resources plc, for the purpose of mining of bauxite reserves at at the foot of … They are suspected of being ‘sympathetic’ to Maoists in the area. Court cases and local opposition did not deter the company. After two villages in Raygada district rejected a proposal of allowing bauxite mining atop Niyamgiri Hills, another village in Kalahandi district did the same at the Gram Sabha held today. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. “The government is offering us a 30 ft road under the pretext that it will be useful during a health emergency. Enjoy reading as many articles as you wish without any limitations. On 31 st July 2013 in New Delhi drums and banners in front of Odisha House celebrated the success achieved by the tiny Dongria Kondh hamlets in the Niyamgiri Hill which, one after the other had openly expressed in the last days of July 2013 their refusal of open cast bauxite mining. “Green symbolises the endless chain of mountains and fields. A one-stop-shop for seeing the latest updates, and managing your preferences. As a subscriber, you are not only a beneficiary of our work but also its enabler. The refinery was to get bauxite, the main aluminium ore, from Niyamgiri and was sourcing the raw material from other states in the interim. The struggle has been on since October 2004, when the government-owned Odisha State Mining Company (OMC) signed an agreement with UK-based Vedanta Resources to mine over 70 million tons of bauxite in the Niyamgiri hills. Resolute Mining’s Syama gold mine workers launch strike; Coronavirus company news summary – Syama workers strike over Covid-19 policy – China’s aluminium and alloy imports reach 1.74Mt – Ningbo Lygend restart construction in Indonesia Mining bauxite and processing it into aluminium is deadly to the environment. It is very important for us to assert our rights and to be strong. | Photo Credit: “The government has not forgotten its defeat by a tribal group. Odisha Mining Corporation Limited (OMC), a public sector subsidiary of the government of the State of Odisha in India, approached the apex court of the country (Supreme Court) on 25 February 2016 3 to review an order banning bauxite mining in a biodiverse region inhabited by tribal communities - … For the Dongria Kondhs, the film festival was an important occasion to recount the community’s travails over the last decade, and debate what the ‘correct’ model of development could be. They are home to more than 8,000 of the Dongria Kondh people, whose lifestyle and religion have helped nurture the area’s dense forests and unusually rich wildlife. “No force on earth can drive us from Niyamgiri. Resolute Mining’s Syama gold mine workers launch strike; Coronavirus company news summary – Syama workers strike over Covid-19 policy – China’s aluminium and alloy imports reach 1.74Mt – Ningbo Lygend restart construction in Indonesia; Most Recent. Trouble began to brew when in 2004 Vedanta set up a pit-head alumina refinery at Lanjigarh, a nondescript village on the foothills of Niyamgiri. In 2013, the Supreme Court of India asked the tribal people to take the decision, in which BMP was rejected in all village council meetings. However, the state government will find it difficult to relaunch the gram sabha meetings on this issue. However, the decision offered the tribe only a temporary reprieve, as the court ordered the company’s Indian unit, Sterlite Industries,10 to come back with a new proposal for the project. Explore more for Niyamgiri hills breaking news, opinions, special reports and more on mint. Niyamgiri. Hwoever, the tribes opposed Vedanta’s plans and the proposal had to be shelved. The Dongria tribe and the Niyamgiri Hills For many centuries, the highly endangered Dongria tribe have inhabited the hills that contain an estimated $2 billion worth of bauxite deposits (Bennett, 2014). We have been keeping you up-to-date with information on the developments in India and the world that have a bearing on our health and wellbeing, our lives and livelihoods, during these difficult times. The Niyamgiri Hills form a mountain range in the Eastern Indian state of Orissa. July 25, 2013 3:10 am. Dongria women love ornaments, hair accessories and flowers. Great Western pours first gold and silver at Mineral County, Nevada, Asiamet secures key approval for BKM Copper Project in Indonesia, Anglo American and South32 conclude sale of Tasmanian smelter, Dundas: inside the world’s highest-grade ilmenite deposit. The Dongria tribe and the Niyamgiri Hills For many centuries, the highly endangered Dongria tribe have inhabited the hills that contain an estimated $2 billion worth of bauxite deposits (Bennett, 2014). Niyamgiri Hills contains 72 million tonnes of bauxite, which the firm intended to mine to feed its alumina refinery plant at Lanjigarh, Odisha. The Dongria tribe of Eastern India has been under intense pressure from the state government as well as Vedanta, a London based mining company, to make way for Bauxite mining.The Dongria tribe and the Niyamgiri Hills For many The company is planning to mine Their distinctive Kapadaganda shawl, however, has captured the attention of art lovers worldwide. For the Odisha Mining Corporation, the mining arm of the state government, the value of the hills lies in the region’s Lanjigarh-Niyamgiri deposit, which contains 88 million tonnes of bauxite. Where will we grow pineapples, banana, oranges, turmeric, cereals and pulses? Bhubaneswar: South Korean steel behemoth Posco’s mining prospects in Kandadhar hills of Sundergarh district may face the same fate as Niyamgiri Hills, given the Environment Ministry’s January direction in the latter’s case rejecting Vedanta’s bauxite extraction plan and endorsing forest rights of tribals following a Gram Sabha verdict. The Orissa government’s agreement with Vedanta Alumina to allow mining of bauxite deposits in the Niyamgiri hills, the home of the Dongaria Kondha tribe, is an example of how corporate interests backed by state support are trampling on tribal livelihoods and … As we fight disinformation and misinformation, and keep apace with the happenings, we need to commit greater resources to news gathering operations. The NSS sees a larger conspiracy. When their egos were satisfied, I was let go,” said Sikaka. “When I met Dinja and got to know about their struggle, I was stunned. Posted by Leah on August 2nd, 2013. by Joan Martinez-Alier and Leah Temper. Supreme Court rejects bauxite mining in Niyamgiri Hills of Odisha. Bauxite is the raw material for alumina and aluminum, and Odisha has 700 million tonnes of known bauxite reserves, of which 88 million tonnes are estimated to be found in Niyamgiri. On the sidelines of the annual Niyamraja Festival held recently on the hills, 5,000 ft above sea level, Sikaka vented his anguish. The Dongrias have largely stayed secluded. The Dongria’s simmering anger against the government was stoked further this month when the Supreme Court directed all State governments to evict from the forests all those whose applications for regularisation of occupation had been rejected. In Odisha and Andhra Pradesh, which hold 70% of India's bauxite reserves, six major mining projects are stuck, underlining the impasse in the sector. You have reached your limit for free articles this month. It is bound by Karlapat Wildlife Sanctuary on the north-west side and Kotgarh Wildlife Sanctuary on the north-east end. The OMC holds a claim over the deposit with a letter of intent towards a mining lease from the state government. Subsequently, the state held meetings in 12 villages to discuss the environmental and religious issues, and the rights of the tribes. The company planned to mine the Niyamgiri hill range, which is believed to be the home of deity Niyam Rajawhich, who is worshipped by the local Dongria Kondh tribe. The struggle has been on since October 2004, when the government-owned Odisha State Mining Company (OMC) signed an agreement with UK-based Vedanta Resources to mine over 70 million tons of bauxite in the Niyamgiri hills. The struggle has been on since October 2004, when the government-owned Odisha State Mining Company (OMC) signed an agreement with UK-based Vedanta Resources to mine over 70 million tons of bauxite in the Niyamgiri hills. Unanimous rejection was recorded in July and August 2013. A solid waste product ‘red mud’ which is an environmental and health hazard is produced during the refining process and is not easy to dispose. But, like all well-meaning projects that find little resonance on ground, they could not lift the literacy rate, an abysmal 33% among a population of 11,551. A woman in traditional attire For the Odisha Mining Corporation, the mining arm of the state government, the value of the hills lies in the region’s Lanjigarh-Niyamgiri deposit, which contains 88 million tonnes of bauxite. Committees from each village were roped in to carry supplementary food to the children. In April 2013, India’s top court ruled that the decision to allow Vedanta Resources to mine bauxite in two districts of Orissa state rests with local tribes. Shinta first met Jakasika two years ago, at an indigenous film festival in Kalimantan. Sikaka’s call for 5 ft roads to the villages rather than the government-prescribed 30 ft roads, primary schools that teach in the Dongria tongue rather than large residential schools, and Indira Awas Yojana houses that incorporate tribal traditions have either been laughed off or ignored by government officials. It wanted to mine bauxite — the primary raw material for aluminium — from the Niyamgiri hills for Vedanta Aluminium’s 1 million-tonne-per-annum (mtpa) alumina refinery in neighbouring Lanjigarh, which had been operational since 2007. Bauxite, which they were planning to mine atop Niyamgiri hills, serves as a raw material of alumina. Today, he is distraught. We will seek legal opinion on whether we should seek permission of the Supreme Court or the Union Ministry of Environment and Forest to conduct the gram sabhas.". Government rejects Vedanta’s bauxite mining plans in Niyamgiri 3 min read. Subscribe to The Hindu now and get unlimited access. Jakasika agreed. The Rayagada district administration has tried to improve the quality of the base fabric and the embroidery threads, and also to get a GI tag for the unique garment. Vedanta planned open pit mining to a depth of 13.6 meters, crushing the bauxite, and transporting it to the refinery at the bottom of the hill via conveyor belt. Emmanuela Shinta, 26, an independent filmmaker from Indonesia’s Kalimantan rainforest, and Dinja Jakasika, a 30-year-old village sarpanch from the foothills of Odisha’s picturesque Niyamgiri Hills, had nothing in common — nationality, attire or language. The report also recommended th… But no government official turned up. mining bauxite in the Niyamgiri hills. The hills reportedly contain 80 million tonnes of bauxite, much of it in a mountain that local Kondh tribes (Dongria and Kutia) worship as their deity, Niyam Raja. This conflict has been a well-known case in the mineral-rich state of Odisha in India, involving some of the world’s oldest surviving indigenous peoples. The proposed mining area would cover 7 square kilometers on the top of Niyamgiri Hills. 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