Talked to someone who could do something concrete about the situation. Think of your WORST experience of ____________________. You were prevented from remaining in a neighborhood because neighbors made life so uncomfortable? How often are you unfairly humiliated in front of others at work?Harassment (3 items, alpha =.84)1. & Lepisto, E.M. “The perceived racism scale: A multidimensional assessment of the experience of white racism among African Americans.” Ethnicity and Disease. At work, when different opinions would be helpful, how often is your opinion not asked for?3. Please tell me if you did each of the following things.1. Do you think you have ever been unfairly prevented from moving into a neighborhood because the landlord or a realtor refused to sell or rent you a house or apartment?6. This self-report measure probes experi-ences related to being treated more poorly in Powerless5. (1997) Everyday Discrimination Scale. Entrepreneur, Creator, and Business Consultant. The original form of the EDS, which remains widely used, includes nine questions about respondents’ experience of mistreatment. “Perceived Discrimination and Psychological Well-Being in the U.S. and South Africa.” Ethnicity and Health. Major Experiences of Discrimination (NSAL and SASH version)•    Adapted from 1995 DAS and MIDUS•    Source: Williams, D.R., González, H.M., Williams, S., Mohammed, S.A., Moomal, H, Stein, D.J. Talked to someone about how you were feeling. PDF | Identity refers to how people answer the question, " Who are you? " In what year was your MOST RECENT EXPERIENCE of _____________________?H5a. How many times has this happened in the last year?______________H1d. Please tell me how often you have experienced them during the past 12 months.Discrimination (3 items, alpha =.73) 1. “Segregation and Mortality: The Deadly Effects of Racism.” Sociological Forum. 1999 40(3):208-230.•    Collins, C., and Williams, D.R. JAI Press. How many times has this happened in your ENTIRE LIFE?1. The Everyday Discrimination Scale (EDS) is a validated screen widely used to measure perceived discrimination. ), Self, Social Identity and Physical Health: Interdisciplinary Explorations. Have you ever been UNFAIRLY denied medical care or provided medical care that was worse than what other people get?19. Cancer, 2008 113(8): 2166-2172.•    Sims, M., Wyatt, S.B., Gutierrez, M.S., Taylor, H. S., Williams, D. R.  “Development and psychometric testing of a multidimensional instrument of perceived discrimination among African Americans in the Jackson Heart Study.”  Ethnicity & Disease, 2009 Winter;19(1):56-64.•    Moomal, H., Jackson, P.B., Stein, D.J., Herman, A., Myer, L., Seedat, S., Madela-Mntla, E., Williams, D.R. Your Religion6. Have you ever felt that others at your place of employment UNFAIRLY got promotions or pay raises faster than you did?4. 1999 40(3):208-230. Most respondents indicated that they had experienced some form of discrimination. No. How stressful was this experience for you? “Sometimes I’ll start a sentence and I don’t even know where it’s going. For UNFAIR reasons, do you think you have ever not been hired for a job?3. How well do you feel you have dealt up to now with this experience and any changes or problems which may have resulted from it?VERY WELL        QUITE WELL        SOMEWHAT WELL        NOT TOO WELL. 1999 9(2):151-165.•    Kessler, R.C., Mickelson, K., and Williams, D.R. During active American involvement in World War II (1941–45), propaganda was used to increase support for the war and commitment to an Allied victory. 9, 34 The everyday discrimination scale is being used in an increasing number of studies of discrimination across a variety of populations. Several scales have been developed to measure everyday types of perceived racism, includ-ing the Everyday Discrimination Scale (Stucky et al., 2011; Wil-liams et al., 1997), the Perceived Racism Scale (McNeilly et al., 1996), and the Index of Race-Related Stress (Utsey & Ponterotto, 1996). 116 (September/October 2001): 404-416. “Research on Discrimination and Health: An Exploratory Study of Unresolved Conceptual and Measurement Issues” American Journal of Public Health. “The Association Between Perceived Discrimination and Obesity in a Population Based Multiracial/Ethnic Adult Sample.” American Journal of Public Health, 2009 99(7):1285-1292.•    Friedman, E.M., Williams, D.R., Singer, B.H., Ryff, C.D. 1990; 30 (12), 1273-1281. As the opportunities and challenges raised by globalization become more a part of people’s everyday lives, colleges and universities are committed to providing their students with academic opportunities on a global scale. Overall, how much harder has your life been because of discrimination?1. What does your 5 year plan look like? 2000 5: 243-268.•    Williams, D.R. Authors Kelly Gonzales, Carolyn Noonan, R. Turner Goins, William G. Henderson, Janette Beals, Spero M. Manson, Kelly J. A., Williams, D. R. "Racial segregation and disparities in breast cancer care and mortality." Tried to do something about it. Recommended response categories for all items:    Almost everyday    At least once a week    A few times a month    A few times a year    Less than once a year    Never•    Follow-up Question (Asked only of those answering “A few times a year” or more frequently to at least one question. •    Source: In Press  Williams, D.R., John, D., Oyserman, D., Sonnega, J., Mohammed, S.A., Jackson, J.S. Everyday Discrimination Scale (Short Version) alpha = .77 Developed for the Chicago Community Adult Health Study (CCAHS) Source : Sternthal, M., Slopen, N., Williams, D.R. March 22, 2016 . •    Collins, C. and Williams, D.R. •    Source: Kessler, R.C., Mickelson, K., and Williams, D.R. NextAdvisor, in partnership with TIME, is a free resource to help you make smart money moves that make a big impact on your wealth. How often does your supervisor or boss use racial or ethnic slurs or jokes?5. “Race Stress and Physical Health: The Role of Group Identity”  R.J. Contrada and R.D. How often do your supervisor or co-workers make slurs or jokes about gays or lesbians? 1, Thousand Oaks, CA:  Sage Publications, 2004 254-259.•    Williams, D.R. Public Health Reports, 2001. 1994 109(1):26-41.•    Williams, D.R. Sought or found spiritual comfort and support.Global Evaluation            H7. You told me that you have been UNFAIRLY ________________.H1a. 1997; 9:231-261.•    Measure: In the following questions, we are interested in your beliefs about the way other people have treated you. Not surprised/resignedH5f. Journal of Health and Social Behavior. •    QuestionnaireWe are interested in your beliefs about the way other people have treated you. and Neighbors, H., "Racism, Discrimination & Hypertension: Evidence & Needed Research", Ethnicity & Disease. Think in advance about the kinds of problems you are likely to experience?2. Your Gender    3. •    Adapted from NSAL for the CCAHS study. Have you ever moved into a neighborhood where neighbors made life difficult for you or your family? 1999 54:805-816.•    Williams, D.R. Do you think you  have ever been unfairly fired or denied a promotion?2. Parenting Postpartum Pre-/Inter-conception Prenatal. “Perceived Discrimination, Race and Health in South Africa: Findings from the South Africa Stress and Health Study.”  Social Science and Medicine, 2008; 67: 441-452. a. Have you ever moved into a neighborhood where neighbors UNFAIRLY made life difficult for you or your family?8. 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